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For many people, a South American Cruise around Cape Horn is a once-in-a-lifetime adventure. People often plan something like this to celebrate a milestone birthday, anniversary, or another big life event. My husband and I took our South American Cruise in 2016 for our 20th Anniversary.

Royal Caribbean Cruise ship in Port

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What is it Like to Take a Cruise Around South America and the Horn?

A South American Cruise is not all that different from any other cruise. You can expect most of the same amenities and activities found on any other cruise.

However, since this is a longer cruise and typically more costly than a short Caribbean sailing, these cruises cater to an older clientele. Therefore, you can expect to see fewer kids sailing on a South American Cruise. As a Gen Xer, and my husband a young Boomer, we were some of the youngest folks on our cruise.

The mega-ships are not traveling to South America so it is a more intimate experience. Sadly, on our Royal Caribbean South America Cruise, this didn’t translate into a more personalized encounter. (I’m not knocking Royal Caribbean but being honest about the experience. We’ve taken five delightful cruises with RC. This just wasn’t one of them in terms of dedicated service and attention to detail.)

How Many Days for a South America Cruise Around the Horn?

There isn’t a right or wrong to this but you can expect that your South America itinerary will be at least 10 days. More often though you are looking at a 14-day cruise and you will cover more than 4000 nautical miles (4600+ miles). If your cruise does not go around the Horn and through the Chilean Fjord but rather directly through the Strait of Magellan you will travel closer to 3200 nautical miles.

The duration of your cruise and the number of ports visited will dictate how many at-sea days you will have. Typically, you can expect about 50 percent of the days to be at sea. I found this to be a nice balance.

When is the Best Time to Cruise South America?

Most South American cruises run from late October to mid-March which is the best time to go to South America. This means that you will be sailing during winter in the northern hemisphere. South America’s seasons are the opposite so you will be cruising during South America’s summer. That’s just one of the things that makes a cruise around the continent a wonderful winter vacation option.

Let’s face it, who doesn’t love going someplace warm in the wintertime? But, while you will want to pack your swimsuit and sunscreen, don’t expect to sun yourself poolside throughout your entire trip.

Read my South America and Cape Horn Cruise Packing Guide and know exactly what to pack and what to leave home.

What’s the Weather like in South America and Around the Horn?

On an Around the Horn cruise, you will encounter all kinds of weather. Throughout your sailing, you can expect, the sun, rain, wind, and even snow. That said, you should expect the daytime South American temperature to range from the 90s in Buenos Aires to the 30s when sailing through the Strait of Magellan. You can expect the cold weather to continue as your ship heads up the west coast and through the Chilean Fjords.

In looking over my materials from our cruise it appears that the warmest day was our port stop in Puerto Madryn, Argentina when we hit a high of 92 degrees. We cruised the 3rd week of February.

Cape Horn Weather

You will need your hat and gloves more than you will need a swimsuit. Despite cruising during South America’s warmer months, you can expect temperatures no higher than 60 degrees. The average high is 58 degrees with average lows around 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Year-round the Cape receives a fair amount of precipitation and summer is the wettest season of the year. Much of the precipitation comes in the form of snow.

During your sailing around Cape Horn, you can expect rain, snow, sleet, and wind. It can be quite nasty if you are not a cold-weather person. I am not! We had wet snow during this part of our cruise. But don’t worry. You won’t be in extreme weather for too long. Only about a day and a half of your cruise will subject you to this. Also, the scenery is so beautiful you won’t mind. The glaciers and the vast wilderness will distract and awe you.

Documents, Disease, and Sea Sickness

You will need your passport for your South American cruise. And you will need to have 6 months left on it before it expires. This is not the requirement for all countries you will visit but it is true of Brazil and since almost all South American cruises start, dock, or terminate in Brazil this is an important detail. Other countries have similar requirements but since 6 months is the longest period you will be good for, all the other countries you’ll be visiting.

Recently, Brazil dropped its requirement for US Citizens to purchase a visa. This will save you some hefty ching as a Brazilian visa came with a substantial price tag in the past. The other countries you will be visiting do not have visa requirements. But you will want to check with your cruise line to verify if any other documents are required at your ports of entry.

You should always have your routine vaccinations (measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot) up to date but that is especially true if you are traveling. Additionally, for your cruise around the Horn, you will need to have your Hepatitis A vaccine. This needs to be done no later than 2 weeks before your departure. Hepatitis B is not essential.

The Typhoid vaccine is recommended by the CDC for travel to South America. This is a food-borne illness. However, since you will likely be eating food provided on the cruise ship your risk of contracting Typhoid is minimal. This is not to say you should not get the vaccine. You need to consider how much risk you are willing to take. Keep in mind that while in port you may choose to enjoy the local cuisine.

Another consideration is all those pesky diseases spread by mosquitos; Yellow Fever, Malaria,  Dengue, and Zika. As with exposure to food-borne illnesses, your risk of contracting one of these diseases is greatly diminished by being on a cruise. However, you will not spend all your time on the ship. I highly recommend you purchase a strong insect repellent and use it. A repellent with DEET is recommended.

If you are prone to seasickness you are going to want to pack Dramamine or another motion sickness remedy.  For most of the cruise, you can expect regionally normal seas. However, what that means for your experience has a lot to do with the size of the ship you are on, where you are on the vessel, the weather, and how you respond to the motion.

All these variables make it impossible to predict your experience. However, Cape Horn waves can create some rough conditions and I mean quite rough. As your ship takes you around the Horn and through the Strait of Magellan, I assure you your ship will be rocking. In fact, you can expect that the ship’s pools and hot tubs will be drained to prevent the water from sloshing out onto the decks and creating slick, icy, and hazardous conditions.

I am not one to get seasick and this was the closest I’ve ever come to it on a cruise. So you don’t make the same mistake, let me tell you what I did which I’m certain contributed to my overwhelming nausea.
We were in a balcony suite and I was putting my make-up on to get ready for dinner. I believe that looking in the mirror and having the reflection of the waves behind me played tricks on my equilibrium thus causing me to become queasy. Tip: close the curtains if you are similarly situated.

That evening I opted out of dinner. I stayed behind in the cabin and lay on the bed with my eyes closed. That worked for me. I didn’t require anything to settle my belly.

Bill went on to dinner without me that evening. Since he was dining alone, he opted for the buffet rather than the dining room. He tells me there were very few people milling around outside their stateroom that evening. And, at the buffet, he literally caught a roast as it flew from the counter.

South American Cruise Ports of Call and Excursions

The ports you visit on your South American cruise partially depend on the size of the cruise ship you are traveling on. Larger ships may not be able to dock or even tender in some of the smaller ports and will, therefore, need to bypass those. I will provide a primer for the larger ports since my voyage was on a sizable ship and these are the ports I’ve experienced.

On an Around the Horn cruise, excursions will provide you the opportunity to experience pristine natural landscapes with incredible wildlife, amazing cosmopolitan cities, indigenous cultures, colonial cities and so much more. Of course, much of your experience will depend on how you choose to spend your time in the ports you visit.

If you spend your time in the cities you will have a different experience than someone who goes to the wildlife preserves or an estancia (ranch). I recommend mixing it up. We loved seeing the penguins and the elephant seals at the Peninsula Valdes. But we also enjoyed exploring Buenos Aires which is both historic and cosmopolitan.

If you are under 55, you can expect to be one of the younger people on your cruise ship. Probably not the youngest but close. (The above picture includes probably all the people under 55 who were on our cruise). There will be lots of older people with varying degrees of ability. For this reason, don’t expect your excursions to be crazy, over-the-top, extreme activities. Even the excursions classified as strenuous are within the capabilities of most travelers.

Gaunaca in a field near Puerto Piramides

The most demanding excursion we took was in Ushuaia, and it was categorized as “strenuous.” It included rafting and hiking. I remember being a bit winded during the hike but that probably had more to do with altitude than my physical condition. Also, I was less than a year out from a hip replacement but was able to manage my activities. Of course, if you have any physical restrictions you will want to get more information about the excursions before booking.

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is sometimes referred to as the “Paris of South America.” This wonderful cosmopolitan city has loads of history and culture. For this port of call, we opted to take a tour of the city with Context Travel rather than booking an excursion through the cruise line. This generally is not recommended but I had an established relationship with the company.

Puente de la Mujer (Bridge of the Woman)

Our tour took us through the historic Puerto Madero where the Puente de la Mujer (Bridge of the Woman) connects the old port with the new city.  We visited the Presidential Palace, Casa Rosado (Pink House), and Plaza de Mayo. Here we learned about Eva Peron and the Abuela Movement which is a tragic part of Argentina’s recent history.

La Boca neighborhood in Buenos Aires

When we finished our tour we ventured off on our own strolling through the San Telmo neighborhood and grabbing a bite to eat. From here we caught a cab to the vibrant La Boca neighborhood. La Boca is considered a tourist trap but I think the brightly colored buildings, Tango dancers, the smell of Asado carnitas (barbequed meat) and music pouring onto the street were worth a visit.

In Buenos Aries, you can expect excursions to include activities such as tango shows, a visit to an estancia (ranch), shopping, walking tours of the city center, and Recoleta Cemetary.

Montevideo, Uruguay

Like Buenos Aires, Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, is a city with a strong European influence.  This city marked by tree-lined streets offers a lively art and culture scene. This port city, the 18th-century home of the Spanish naval base retains its old-world charm. We did not visit the city but rather ventured outside it. However, I heard terrific things about it and wish we had time to visit during our day in port.

Colonia del Sacramento

Our excursion took us to the charming small town of Colonia del Sacramento. This waterfront village oozes with colonial charm. Gaslamps line narrow cobblestone streets. On the streets, you will find cars from days gone by. Take time to walk along the promenade or climb the lighthouse.

Other excursions took cruisers to the Uruguayan countryside with visits to wineries and estancias.

side of building in Colonia del Sacramento

Puerto Madryn

For wildlife lovers, this port of call will wow you! Puerto Madryn is your gateway to Patagonia. Most of your excursions are going to involve wildlife and a visit to Peninsula Valdes, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As your bus traverses through the wilderness watch for Peluda (armadillo), Guanaco (similar to a llama), Mara, Halcon Peregrino (Peregrine Falcon), grey fox, and more.

Baby sea lion on a rock in Puerta Madre

Observe Magellan Penguins at the nature reserve, plus Southern Sea Lions and Elephant Seal from the cliffs of Puerto Piramides. If you time it right you will be treated to viewing mothers and calves.

You can expect there to be many water-based excursions. As you can imagine, many of these are weather-dependent. However, they offer a chance to catch a glimpse of Orca, Right Whales, and dolphins.



Do get off the ship in Ushuaia. This was my favorite port of call. I recall waking up in port and seeing the city on the mountainside from the water. It was still dark, lights twinkled and there was something magical about it.

Boats in the harbor in Ushuaia

Ushuaia has a charming and bustling downtown (I imagine when the cruise ships are not in port it is sleepy). But this is the port for the Tierra del Fuego National Park too. The Tierra del Fuego straddles Argentina and Chile. It has some of the most pristine wilderness imaginable. You will want to have your picture taken at the “End of the World.”

Punta Arenas, Chile

Though Punta Arenas, located at the southernmost tip of Chile’s Patagonia region, was established as a penal colony in 1848, it has significant maritime importance.

Punta Arenas

The city is located on the Brunswick Peninsula north of the Strait of Magellan connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Through the 1800 Punta Arenas grew in significance due to maritime travel and commerce. During the late 1800s, the city grew as a result of waves of Croatian and Russian immigrants. These settlers were attracted by the gold rush and sheep farming. Because of its logistic importance, Punta Arenas retains geopolitical importance to this day.

Punta Arenas is the gateway to Antarctica for many voyages there.

Valparaiso, Chile

Valparaiso was the termination point for our cruise. However, we were not finished with South America yet. We stayed for 4 days in Valpo.

Valparaiso is a picturesque port city with colorful houses perched upon its hills. At street level, graffiti art adorns the cityscape.

Rooftops in Valparaiso Chile

Valparaiso is known for its prolific street art scene. That was our main reason for staying. But in addition to its plethora of street art, the city is where poet and writer Pablo Neruda called home (La Sebastiana). Outside the city, you will find beautiful beaches and several vineyards.

A South American cruise around the Horn is a wonderful way to celebrate a special occasion. It offers so much variety of places to see and a nice balance of at-sea and port days. A South American cruise is sure to please.

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24 Responses

  1. Please arrange for me the largest cruiseship trip to the most famous touristic ports in South America.

  2. I signed up for the packing list but haven’t received a link to it. We leave next week for a 32 day cruise from Buenos Aires to Los Angeles. Packing is a little overwhelming. Thank you for all your information

  3. Hi there,

    Thanks for such an informative guide. Could you send me your packing list please.

    Our cruise starts with hotel stay in Buenos Aries and then 2 nights at Iguazu falls before joining the ship. Have you any info regarding Iguazu falls? I am from the UK and go in Feb.

    Many thanks!

    1. Hi Cathy, Sorry about the packing list. Sometime the automation glitches. I will make sure you get it. As for Iguazu Falls, I have not been. I have friends that have been there and it seems amazing. I probably need to move it further up my bucket list. Enjoy your time in South America.

  4. I am not sure how to sign up for the packing list. Where would I find the link? Thanks.

  5. I would like your packing list for down around the horn cruise. I am leaving 2/23/23. Would like weather info for days at sea. Viking cruise specialists offer no help.

    1. Suzanne, I went in and reviewed my email list. I see that you signed up to receive the packing list. You should have received an email with the link. I am going to send you a separate email and manually add the link. Hopefully, that gets it resolved. If not reply to that email and I will figure something else out.

    2. We’re traveling around the horn in November with Viking. I hadn’t heard anything about the Hepatitis A requirement. Did you find that to be the case?

  6. Thank you so much for this post. I have been on a gazillion cruises and traveled the world (91 countries and counting), but I had no idea what to take on our upcoming January cruise. I only do carry-on and brag that I can pack for three days or three weeks in one bag. However, I just didn\’t know what kinds of clothes to pack. This was very helpful.

  7. We are sailing in Patagonia soon and this article was quite helpful. Signed up for the packing list, but the link I received didn\’t work. Says \”file not found\”. Thanks!

  8. Could you send me a packing list? Ill be leaving for a December cruise around the Horn. Loved your article

  9. Thank you for all the information you provided about each stop and what the voyage was like around Cape Horn. I would never have thought to bring winter clothing for the fjords. I live in AZ so I hope I have winter clothes. I also never thought about getting all the injections listed. Some I already have, but I know I don\’t have all of them. I am getting very excited about my trip, but it won\’t happen until 2023. I am still not sure when the best time is to take the trip, January or February. I was thinking perhaps the second half of Jan. since that is the middle month of their winter. Perhaps there won\’t be as much fluxuation of weather. Your info was GREAT!

    1. Louise, Thank you for your comment. I\’m glad you found the article helpful. I think the idea that you would need winter clothes when visiting a place during (their) summer is counterintuitive. But like going to Alaska in the summer you probably wouldn\’t pack shorts and your swimsuit. If you don\’t have much in terms of winter clothes you can probably get by with several long sleeve shirts that you can layer along with a jacket or sweatshirt. Don\’t forget gloves and a hat. Enjoy your trip!!

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